Induseum Griseum

In the adult, receptor protein continued to be detected in many areas including the olfactory nuclei, neocortex, piriform cortex, induseum griseum, hippocampus, thalamus, amygdala, hypothalamus, and septum.  

Quantification of the severity of neurodegeneration with stereology revealed that the retrosplenial cortex, induseum griseum, and dentate gyrus had decreasing amounts of damage with decreasing age and onset of sensitivity around PND30.  

in the hippocampus and induseum griseum.  

2) The relative size of the induseum griseum strongly suggests that this animal would be useful for a variety of studies on this structure.  

For example, in adult NT-3(lacZneo)/+ mice, beta-galactosidase is expressed in high amounts in limbic areas of the cortex (cingulate, retrosplenial, piriform, and entorhinal), in the visual cortex, in the hippocampal formation (dentate granule cells, CA2 cells, fasciola cinereum, induseum griseum, tenia tecta, presubiculum, and parasubiculum), and in the septum (septohippocampal nucleus and lateral dorsal septum).  

In the brain, prominent expression of VGF mRNA was observed in neurons of the main and accessory olfactory bulbs; in the anterior olfactory nucleus; in the induseum griseum and taenia tecta; in the olfactory tubercle; in CA1-CA3, the hilus of the dentate gyrus, and the subicular complex of the hippocampal formation; in the piriform, periamygdaloid, transitional, and lateral entorhinal cortices; in the endopiriform nucleus; in the hypothalamus, particularly the preoptic, periventricular, supraoptic, suprachiasmatic, and arcuate nuclei; and in a number of septal, thalamic, amygdaloid, and brainstem nuclei.  

An immunohistochemical study of rat brain revealed the presence of NSP-A in many brain regions, particularly in cerebellar Purkinje cells, in neurons of the superior colliculus and of the pyriform and enthorhinal cortex, in fibers of the basal ganglia and several hippocampal regions including CA3 (stratum lucidum) and the dentate gyrus, in the induseum griseum and in the subcommissural organ, suggesting a role of NSP-A in many areas of the brain..  

The most intense sites of activin receptor gene expression were the hippocampal formation, especially the dentate gyrus (ActRII), taenia tecta, and induseum griseum; the amygdala, particularly the amygdaloid-hippocampal transition zone; and throughout the cortical mantle, including the primary olfactory cortex (piriform cortex and olfactory tubercle); other regions of the cortex showing lesser degrees of hybridization included the cingulate cortex, claustrum, entorhinal cortex, and subiculum.  

Labeling was most prominent in forebrain structures such as the olfactory bulb and tubercle, septal nuclei, amygdaloid complex, hippocampus, induseum griseum, habenula, and interpeduncular nucleus, and in the cerebellum.  

Lower levels of HDNF mRNA were found in granular neurons of the dentate gyrus and in neurons of the taenia tecta and induseum griseum.  

The induseum griseum showed a small band of IR cell bodies and varicose fibers.  

The dorsal hippocampus of the rat normally receives its 5-HT innervation from two homologous groups of cells in the median raphe nucleus via the cingulum bundle-induseum griseum (CB-IG) and the fornix-fimbria (FF) (J.  

These binding sites exhibit the appropriate pharmacological characteristics and are found in high concentrations in the hippocampus, cerebral cortex (especially layers I-III), induseum griseum, and dorsal lateral septum.  

Both types of neurons were more frequently impregnated in areas adjacent to induseum griseum, cingular cortex, and in the depth of the callosal sulcus.  

The highest 5'-N activity was observed in nucleus caudatusputamen, globus pallidus, induseum griseum, nucleus amygdaloideus anterior, nucleus amygdaloideus centralis and nucleus accumbens.  

Several new observations for the rat were made in this study, including LHRH neurons in the accessory olfactory bulb and other olfactory-related structures, and in the anterior hippocampus and the induseum griseum.  

Differences between strains were found 1) in the sulphide-silver pattern of the molecular layer of area dentata, probably reflecting differences in entorhinal, ipsilateral and/or commissural connections, 2) in the distribution of the mossy fibers, 3) in the AChE-staining of a suprapyramidal zone of regio inferior, probably reflecting differences in septal connections, 4) in the AChE-staining of the induseum griseum.  

Dorsal supracallosal projections via the stria longitudinalis are seen in the induseum griseum and the cingulate cortex.  

In every case in which the injection involved a significant proportion of the cells in the supramammillary region, labeled fibers could be followed to the dentate gyrus, the anterior hippocampal rudiment and the induseum griseum of both sides.  

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