Septofimbrial Nucleus

Allopregnanolone microinjected into the lateral septum or dorsal hippocampus, but not septofimbrial nucleus, induced a longer latency to the first immobility and a shorter total immobility time in the forced swim test compared with vehicle.  

The minimum effective dose of allopregnanolone reducing immobility in the forced swimming test (1.0 mg/kg) significantly (p <0.05) produced a higher (twofold) neuronal firing rate in LSN neurons, but did not produce any change in septofimbrial nucleus neurons, which fired at a rate similar to that of vehicle-treated rats.  

In contrast, little EHSH1 immunoreactivity was detected in septofimbrial nucleus and subfornical organ of the septal region, and solitary tract and external cuneate nuclei of the medulla.  

We conclude that the projection from the triangular septal and septofimbrial nucleus to the habenula uses ATP as a fast neurotransmitter, and its co-transmitter, if any, is likely to be glutamate..  

Our results, in addition, showed the labeling of some scattered neurons in the ventral portion of the triangular nucleus of the septal area and in the septofimbrial nucleus, confirming the presence of a previously controversial septointerpeduncular projection..  

Both mGluR4 mRNA and mGluR7 mRNA were moderately or intensely expressed in the olfactory tubercle, superficial layers of the entorhinal cortex, CA4, septofimbrial nucleus, intercalated nuclei of the amygdala, medial mammillary nucleus, many thalamic nuclei, and pontine nuclei.  

Axons along this route provide moderate to dense input to the medial and lateral preoptic areas, and a few are also observed in the septofimbrial nucleus and fimbria; the latter end in the temporal hippocampus.  

In the septofimbrial nucleus, phosphorylated neurofilament positive perikarya were seen in rat, mouse, gerbil and rabbit. In the septofimbrial nucleus however, this phenomenon seems to be restricted to rodents and lagomorphs.  

Oxytocin sites were located in the ventral and intermediate parts of the lateral septum, the oval and the principal nuclei of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and the septofimbrial nucleus.  

We describe the spontaneous presence of phosphorylated NF-H in a population of small spindle-shaped neurons of the rat septofimbrial nucleus.  

These were the septofimbrial nucleus, the anterior commissural nucleus of the hypothalamus, and the anterodorsal thalamic nucleus.  

Electrical stimulation of the SFO increased 2-DG uptake, in comparison to the phenylephrine-infused rats, in the nucleus triangularis, septofimbrial nucleus, lateral septal nucleus, nucleus accumbens, bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, dorsal and ventral nucleus medianus (median preoptic nucleus), paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus, hippocampus, supraoptic nucleus, suprachiasmatic nucleus, paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus, and the intermediolateral nucleus of and central autonomic area of the thoracic spinal cord.  

Numerous ADA-immunoreactive (ADA-IR) neurons were observed in the septofimbrial nucleus, the triangular septal nucleus and the bed nucleus of the anterior commissure, while considerably fewer numbers were seen in the lateral septal area. After injections of Fluoro-gold (FG) into the medial habenula, the majority of ADA-IR neurons in the septofimbrial nucleus, triangular septal nucleus, and the bed nucleus of the anterior commissure were retrogradely labelled with this fluorescent tracer, whereas no ADA-positive FG-labelled neurons were observed in the lateral septal region.  

PHI neurons were found in some areas so far not know to contain PHI/VIP neurons, including the dorsal septum, the septofimbrial nucleus, the stria terminalis and lamina V of the spinal cord.  

The septal area, including the lateral, medial, and triangular septal nuclei; the anterior rudiment of the hippocampus; the island of Calleja magna; the septofimbrial nucleus; the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis; and the dbB showed a strong reaction to anti-GABA antibodies with regard to GABA-containing surrounding structures.  

Furthermore, a very strong reduction was seen in the density of vasopressin-immunoreactive fibers in the olfactory tubercle, nucleus of the diagonal band and its immediate surroundings, ventral pallidum, basal nucleus of Meynert, lateral septum, septofimbrial nucleus, ventral hippocampal formation, amygdaloid area, pre- and supramammillary nucleus, supramammillary decussation, (inter)dorsomedial, parafascicular, and ventral aspect of paraventricular thalamic nuclei, zona incerta, lateral habenular nucleus, ventral tegmental area, substantia nigra, periventricular gray, dorsal and median raphe nucleus, and locus coeruleus.  

5HT-immunoreactive axons are most dense at the lateral edge of the ventral and intermediate lateral septal nuclei but form pericellular terminal arbors only in the dorsal lateral septal nucleus, in the septofimbrial nucleus, and in the dorsal cap of the medial septal nucleus.  

Large GAD-positive neurons were also found in the septofimbrial nucleus.  

The projections of the septofimbrial nucleus supply the nuclei of the diagonal band and the medial habenular nucleus.  

These axons are widespread in the septum forming a moderately dense innervation in the anterior hippocampus, the medial septal nucleus, the nucleus of the diagonal band, and the interstitial nucleus of the stria terminalis, and a sparse innervation in the lateral septal nucleus and the septofimbrial nucleus. This system originates in the A1, A2 or A3 cell groups, the axons forming a very dense innervation in the ventral part of the interstitial nucleus of the stria terminalis, a moderately dense innervation in the nucleus of the diagonal band and lateral septal nucleus, and a sparse innervation in the medial septal nucleus, the septofimbrial nucleus and the dorsal part of the interstitial nucleus of the stria terminalis.  

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