Triangular Septal Nucleus

When the tracer was injected into the structures dorsal to the SFO, including the triangular septal nucleus, the frequency of retrogradely labeled neurons in the NTS and VLM at the caudal level was very low.  

Neuronal cell bodies with mGluR2-like immunoreactivity (mGluR2-LI) were clearly shown in the horizontal cells of Cajal in the cerebral cortex, neurons in the triangular septal nucleus and medial mammillary nucleus, Golgi cells and the unipolar brush cells in the cerebellar cortex, and Golgi-like and unipolar brush-like cells in the cochlear nucleus.  

In contrast, [ 125I]PYY3-36 binding is most abundant in multiple other regions including the lateral septum, piriform cortex, triangular septal nucleus, bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, oriens layer and stratum radiatum of the dorsal hippocampus, ventral tegmental area, substantia nigra, dorsal raphe nucleus, and the granular cell layer of the cerebellum.  

The proportion of projection neurons containing calretinin ranged from 2% (dorsal raphe to caudate) to about 75% (triangular septal nucleus to habenula, medial amygdala to the ventromedial hypothalamus).  

Such were the mitral and tufted cells of the olfactory bulb; anterior olfactory nucleus; neocortical regions; cingulate cortex; retrosplenial cortex; piriform cortex; perirhinal cortex; CA1; CA3; granule cells of the dentate gyrus; superficial layers of the subicular cortex; deep layers of the entorhinal, parasubicular, and presubicular cortices; ventral part of the lateral septal nucleus; septohippocampal nucleus; triangular septal nucleus; nuclei of the diagonal band; bed nucleus of the stria terminalis; ventral pallidum; claustrum; amygdaloid nuclei other than the intercalated nuclei; preoptic region; hypothalamic nuclei other than the medial mammillary nucleus; ventral lateral geniculate nucleus; locus coeruleus; Purkinje cells; many nuclei of the lower brainstem other than the superior colliculus, periaqueductal gray, interpeduncular nucleus, pontine nuclei, and dorsal cochlear nucleus; and dorsal horn of the spinal cord.  

In addition, IR-VIP perikarya and/or fibers in the hypothalamic medial preoptic area and anterior periventricular nucleus, nucleus reuniens of the thalamus and dorsal fornix-triangular septal nucleus complex were also apparent in the hypothyroid animals while no immunostaining was seen in these areas in control animals.  

In the basal forebrain regions, moderately labeled neurons were distributed in the triangular septal nucleus, in the lateral, basolateral and basomedial amygdaloid nuclei, and in the medial mammillary nucleus.  

Only the triangular septal nucleus is uniformly positive for both proteins.  

Major groups of calretinin-positive neurons also include the thalamic reticular nucleus, triangular septal nucleus, lateral mammillary nucleus and substantia nigra pars compacta.  

beta I-PKC immunoreactivities in these neurons weakened from day 7 and disappeared in the adult brain, while in the cerebral cortex, triangular septal nucleus and pontine nucleus beta I-PKC immunoreactivities were week at birth and then gradually increased.  

A few immunoreactive cell somata were also seen in the ventrolateral hypothalamic area and more occasionally in the triangular septal nucleus.  

The immunoreactivity was associated with neurons but not glial cells and was generally weak in the neutrophils with the exception of areas such as the triangular septal nucleus, pontine nuclei, superficial layer of the superior colliculus, and gray matter of the spinal cord. The largest number of beta I PKC-immunoreactive cells was seen in the triangular septal nucleus and pontine nuclei.  

Numerous ADA-immunoreactive (ADA-IR) neurons were observed in the septofimbrial nucleus, the triangular septal nucleus and the bed nucleus of the anterior commissure, while considerably fewer numbers were seen in the lateral septal area. After injections of Fluoro-gold (FG) into the medial habenula, the majority of ADA-IR neurons in the septofimbrial nucleus, triangular septal nucleus, and the bed nucleus of the anterior commissure were retrogradely labelled with this fluorescent tracer, whereas no ADA-positive FG-labelled neurons were observed in the lateral septal region.  

The supraoptic nucleus, septal area, triangular septal nucleus, nucleus of the diagonal band of Broca, suprachiasmatic nucleus, retrochiasmatic area, mammillary area, and the amygdala also exhibited neuronal LHRH immunoreactivity.  

A high concentration of receptors was found in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus, lateral olfactory tracts, nuclei of the accessory and lateral olfactory tracts, triangular septal nucleus, subthalamic nucleus, locus coeruleus, and inferior olivary nuclei.  

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